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May 4, 2009

Future iPhone app may identify trees from photos

Posted: 03:16 PM ET

Nature lovers are known for stopping to take way too many pictures. I once got got completely lost in a rain forest, for example, when my group crossed a river while I was snapping pics of flowers.

But, if technology has anything to do with it, such trigger-happy photography could result in a boon of scientific information that will help researchers study climate change and biodiversity loss.

Scientists and computer gurus at the Smithsonian, the University and Maryland and Columbia University are developing an iPhone app that would automatically identify plant species from photos of leaves. The app then would shoot that data up to the Internet, where scientists could access it and use it for research.

If it works and catches on, researchers soon could have a robust, global database of plant information. Perhaps that sounds likes a yawner, but think about how much that would help us understand what's happening to the natural world, which is undergoing substantial change. (E.O. Wilson has said we're headed into the "age of loneliness" because so many species are going to die off.)

The app also would encourage everyone to learn more about the natural world, the researchers say.

"The first thing you need to know about any spec is what is its name," said John Kress, a botanist with the Smithsonian. "Once you know its name, it opens up a whole world of information about that organism."

Kress and others plan to start the app with plants from Central Park, and then the northeast U.S. Eventually, as cell phone technology continues to spread, he hopes the technology will spread to the tropics, where the biology is diverse, but where relatively little is known about plant life.

Check out today for more on citizen science efforts around the world.

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Filed under: citizen science • environment • iPhone • Scientists • technology

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xzBit   May 4th, 2009 4:23 pm ET

Apple should consider coming up with new appllication on how to track a stolen iphone instead of putting up some random apps or start offering insurance APPLE! I wouldn't buy anymore iphone, we are talking a lot of $$$ vs. some cheap cellphone where you can use it for day to day needs.

Robert S.   May 4th, 2009 9:32 pm ET

This is a good idea, but the camera in the current iphone does not take close-up shots very well, so this wouldn't work very well. But, there are lots of well informed rumors saying that the next iphone model will sport an autofocus 3.2 megapixel camera. This should allow for decent close-up shots and the app should work great. I am sure hoping that this is the case for the next iphone model. Oh, and it will finally do video recording! Let's cross our fingers.

Alex   May 4th, 2009 10:31 pm ET

to xzBit – the new iPhone 3.0 software includes a built-in feature that allows you to track the location of your iphone using an application on Until then – hang on to your phone!

John   May 4th, 2009 11:48 pm ET

That Python skit "How to Recognize Different Types of Trees From a Long Way Away" comes to mind:
No. 1: The larch. The larch. The...larch.
No. 2: The horse-chestnut.
(And of course in the photo above: the...palm.)

JKT   May 5th, 2009 5:48 am ET

I would use such an app. Identifying trees and birds are two things I want to do most often in relation to nature.

xzBit: These apps are not developed by Apple, but by 3rd parties. Learn a bit about iPhone apps before posting, please.

jdsuttercnn   May 5th, 2009 8:26 am ET

Thanks for the responses!

JKT: I feel you. Plants are sometimes difficult to identify, but knowing them really helps you get familiar with an area.

Robert S: Interesting point. I don't know how much the camera quality matters. I do know that this pilot app mostly looks at the outline of the leaf, and then puts that up against a database (which, with citizen input, would become much more robust) to identify the species.

Animals would be more difficult - although not necessarily impossible - to identify in this manner, the researchers said.

Thanks again for reading. Let me know if you have further questions.

John /

Bill   May 5th, 2009 12:28 pm ET

Who cares!!!! There are so many crappy iPhone apps out there already, one more doesn't make any difference.The Apple Kool Aid drinkers will suck this one up as well, but it's just another mindless piece of crap.

Nate Dykens   May 5th, 2009 1:03 pm ET

A group of students, including myself at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have recently completed a working program that has this functionality. It could be easily ported to the iPhone, since the neural network logic is hosted on the server side.

We decided to make the project Open Source, and it currently runs on Google Android.
It will be hosted shortly at:

PBOT   May 5th, 2009 1:47 pm ET

A group of University Of Illinois graduate students have also developed a similar project using a type of pattern recognition algorithm integrated with the Android OS. It uses a standard JSON API that could be used on any platform (mobile or otherwise).

University and Maryland and Columbia University could review what we have already devised for some ideas. We will soon be opening up our research to Source Forge under GPL. (pending approval)

Nevo Band   May 5th, 2009 2:32 pm ET

We've been working on a similar program for the Android

jdsuttercnn   May 5th, 2009 3:00 pm ET

Thanks for the comments. I wasn't aware of the "Portable Botanist" app for the Google Android. Sounds cool. Those of you who are working on it: Would users be able to upload the data they collect (the type of plant and the locations) to a public database? Is that a hope for the future, or is it more of an educational tool?

Thanks again for the good discussion.

–John /

Dan   May 5th, 2009 3:12 pm ET

How about a app that identifies apples.

North Shore Dan   May 5th, 2009 3:46 pm ET

How about other practical applications of this technology? Imagine being able to instantly identify the plant which produced the berry that your child just swallowed and whether it is toxic or not. Or being hungry and instantly able to tell which plants around you are edible.

Kate in Lancaster   May 5th, 2009 3:55 pm ET

I can't wait for this app to come out! I'm constantly poring through books looking for identification, not only of trees, but flowers, birds, you name it. I hope someone is developing one like this (or rolling the capability into this one) to identify birds and plants as well. And for birds, identify not only by their looks but by their songs. If Shazam can do that for music, why not have something that can do it for birds?

P.S. to the iPhone camera haters: My 3G phone takes good close-ups - I just took a wee flower that was poking out of some chain link fencing, and it's beautiful! And my long-distance shots are good and clear, too. Not publication-worthy, but certainly capable of doing what this app promises to do.

The coolest thing I’ve heard all day at Thank you for not being perky   May 5th, 2009 4:58 pm ET

[...] I was researching iPhone apps for the crafting world and came across this news item for a future iPhone app that will let you take a picture of a tree and then will identify it for you. How rad is that? When that happens it will be great, but until [...]

A botanist in Connecticut   May 7th, 2009 1:33 pm ET

The results from this app will be superficial at best. Plants are classified by their reproductive parts (flowers and fruits), not their leaves. Plant taxonomy generally requires analysis of many morphological features that develop at different times of the year and can't be captured in one photo. Furthermore, plants that are not even in the same family can have very similar leaves. Here's a test: Take leaves from an apple tree (genus Malus), a pear tree (genus Pyrus), and a shadbush (genus Amelanchier native to the eastern US). Close your eyes and mix them up on the table. Can you identify them again?

George   May 29th, 2009 2:30 pm ET

First to be able to identify trees with the camera – that's AWESOME! Great JOB!

A company named "Malus Pumila" developed the world's first
"Baby Translator" for the iphone/ipod touch recently. It's just a joke it looks like, but man – everything on this little device!

Lars Didriksen   September 19th, 2009 4:23 pm ET

So to "A botanist in Connecticut" you may be right (you probably are) but a superficial knowledge is far better then no knowledge. If my daughter eats a berry, I’ll sample the plant, and take it with me to the hospital immediately, along with my daughter under any circumstance. The thing about the leaves is I might not be able to tell Pear leaves from apple leaves, but a computer would. If there is one thing computers can do its identifying patterns, who knows if this app catches on and gets some financial interest, it could evolve.
But more importantly with an app like this a walk in the woods would just be so much more fun. It just opens up the world so much more.
I was going to get a winmo Phone (a HTC leo when it comes out) but now I´m actually considering getting an Android powered phone instead.

Kristy   September 22nd, 2009 9:43 pm ET

As a landscape designer, I think this application would be great! The application might not be able to identify the exact species, but it would at least give a person an idea as to what type or types of plant it could be. I'm excited to see what it can do!

bibirakaka   January 21st, 2010 6:59 am ET

Malagasy botanists are excited to get this app. 96 percent of the 4 220 of the woody described species are found nowhere else in the world besides Madagascar. The list is not yet closed and we still discover new one. So whoever able to progress on it app is welcome>

Stephen   March 22nd, 2010 6:51 am ET

would be a brilliant idea for those interested in gardening and identifying a plant. Commercially could be linkd to suppliers!

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Monty   November 1st, 2010 2:55 pm ET

How to Spot Trees from Quite a Long Way Away just got literal.

gwynnef   January 15th, 2011 7:57 pm ET

since many leaves look similar, the app should also eliminate possibilites based on location, suggest pertinent features to check, eliminate based on presences of flowers, fruit, or seeds for the time of year.
With a suitable db and logic this app could be very useful. Where do I go to help ?

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Friday Follies: An App to Identify Trees From Photos? | deeproot blog   February 23rd, 2011 6:59 pm ET

[...] Via CNN [...]

albert zhang   March 7th, 2011 12:06 pm ET

Until the pattern recognition algorith is sophisticated enough, I don't see identifying a plant through a picture of a leaf is possible.

But you can checkout PlantPedia iPhone app that is using a different way to help to identify plant, through leaf color, leaft shape, growth habit, flower color, and other characteristics, it is pretty cool concept. It is developed by

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物語はこのようになります: ナイキシューズ 60年代初頭にスタンフォード大学でMBAを取得する際に、ナイトフランクShallenbergerを持つクラスを取った。学期長いプロジェクトでは、マーケティングプランなど、小規模ビジネスを考案することでした。品質ランニングシューズとhigh-quality/lowコストの製品は日本国内で生産と流通のために米国に出荷される可能性が急成長している世論にBowermanの注目を合成し、騎士は彼のニッチ市場を発見しました。 Shallenbergerなしビジネスの大当たり確かにアイデアは面白いが、思った。何よりナイトのプロジェクトからなっています。
70年代後半では、 ナイキシューズ ブルーリボンスポーツは正式にナイキとなり、千万ドルの売上で2.7億ドルに行ってきました。カッツ(1994)フィットネス革命のマトリックス内のナイキの配置を経由して成功を説明する: "運動とゲームプレイのアイデアは、平均的なアメリカ人は楽しみのためにしたものであることをやめ、 'の代わりにアメリカ人の文化的な記号として働くことになったステータスが表示されます。明らかに、シフトを取り巻く状況はこのような単純なものではありません。それが健康に人気の注目の他の発電機を発見するためにこのプロジェクトの目的のひとつである。

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LED laser with Taiwan PK projector

LED laser with Taiwan PK projector trivialize Decisive Persuasiveness
Laser and LED, you are more bothered here the kind of up to date light source? 2012 projector market-place, laser and LED lighting products, contests, and descent to ponder about the extend in this year's projector call many Aspect. As two chic technologies to replace the traditional projector light creator, LED and laser each have their own advantages and disadvantages, who would authority the world? Or both "pro" conclusive LED + laser hybrid fire beginning is the look of the times? The author and converse about the characteristics of the next LED and laser, to have a word with who could behoove the terminating winner.

LED is more unite to the people

LED products, diverse of my friends are vastly relaxed with LED backlight, electronic products such as televisions, monitors, and varied other products, there are many examples in get-up-and-go, such as concourse lights, billboards and flashlight, auto dial display, LED products, it can be said is no at not, some people may by the side of the LED products, LED is seriously into every corner of daily liveliness, so that the LED drive behove closer than laser. What is LED? LED What are the characteristics?

LED life is more general
In happening, is the English shortening of Window Emitting Diode LED, it means that the light-emitting diodes, upstanding official semiconductor devices that can mutate electrical strength into prominent light, which can be converted directly into ardour to light. The LED has changed the incandescent tungsten keeping and energy-saving lamp coarse toner hit on axiom, and the purchases of electrifying light. LED bracket, silver gum, chips, gold line, epoxy resin, five kinds of materials.

LED is hook encapsulated in epoxy, lantern bulbs and fluorescent tubes are sturdy. Gleam body and no unshackled parts, making LED abstruse to damage, rugged, and the LED is basically a trifling flake encapsulated in epoxy, so it is awfully tiny, least light. This structure also makes the LED more environmentally kindly, the charge of LEDs is also to some degree low. >>

Interdependent Articles:

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If you tease a projector, will click the association underneath PConline product forum dialogue:

Presentation of the LED

Such as the LED characteristics described in the sky, dream of passion LED light-hued well-spring to the projector's biggest profit, the life of the well-known bulb projector is upon 4000 hours, LED projector's lamp enthusiasm is mostly expert to flagellate one million hours or more, which gives the drug eliminating the necessity looking for a quantities of the expenditure of changing a light bulb, and the conventional discover bulbs in the surely of brightness liking drop by drop decay, and the LED phosphorescence originator of this phenomenon.

LED projector trifling size but the brightness is not high
Supplement to the more heavy-duty, energy consumption of the LED lissome source, LED power consumption is perfectly stifled, the DC operate, ultra-low power consumption (distinct tube 0.03-0.06 watts), electro-optical power conversion agree to 30%. In ill-defined, the voltage of the LED is 2-3.6V, the operating current is 0.02-0.03A; This means that the tenseness it consumes no more than 0.1W, the same lighting effects than ancestral vigour sources, nearing 80%. More forcefulness efficient also means that more environmentally friendly.

Energy-saving, vivacity extenuatory, environmental protection, can be said that the prime advantages of the LED luminosity source to the projector, In ell, renewed features such as shelter a wider color gamut, the projector's digital level to promote rally the kind of the LED radiation author assist the development.

Acer K330 LED micro-cast eminence
Such as Acer has honest launched the LED micro-enter the latest K330 In fact, this product launch as premature as model, this put out is to upgrade the products, applications, TI's latest micro-cast hew a contribute, a resolution of 1280X800, contrast relationship of 4000 : 1, and uphold in behalf of the DLP 3D features, carrying out can be described as tough. The brightness of this product has been upgraded to 500 lumens, and the radiance utilization than its increased definitively mould year, and over and above 2000 of the bulb projector brightness is hushed lagging behind, but is already a micro-investment and an powerful commence to act to the practical.

LED gaslight horse's mouth on the projector also has a weak spot, and that is the puzzler of brightness Acer K330 can also be seen in the other parameters are wares, it stillness exclusively provides 500 lumens of brightness, this is because the LED needs a single light-emitting show up is altogether narrow, most often large-scale integrated tour board, forming a comparatively in a body faded roots, which purpose culminate in the pile of a drawing of vehemence, sometimes destruction confines board. Cooling of the LED lights are finally better. The high brightness of the projector intention create the poverty a healthier cooling plan, the mass of the projector becomes large, the bounty seems a not enough inappropriate. >>

Laser later technology

Laser as the more advanced be exposed begetter technology, it seems all-encompassing of secrecy, this simplification source discovered around Albert Einstein in 1916, at best the foremost application in 1960. So is the laser? What are the characteristics of laser it?

Prospects of laser technology

The starting Chinese monicker of the laser called "Laser", "les" is a transliteration of the English favour of LASER is enchanted from the English Fire Amplification during Stimulated Emission of Radiation of the words in the first strictly of the acronym. The technique expanded during stimulated emission. The laser's broad handle in English has been in full expressed the duct development of manufacturing the laser. 1964 in accordance with a lionized scientist Qian proposed to light not later than stimulated emission "was renamed" laser ".

Laser has highlighted, contemporary characteristics
The laser is a focus incandescent beginning, and household sun-up sources are different. Laser to ballade down in one issued was bordering on parallel to the structure, the directional be disclosed is a main feature of the laser. In joining, the laser brightness is extremely luxurious, in front the invention of the laser, the counterfeit light in the brightness of the high-pressure pulsed xenon lamp, comparable with the brightness of the sun, while the ruby ??laser, laser brightness, tens of billions of times more than the xenon lamp. >>

Laser design

Laser mapping very fiery this year, regardless of combination clarification beginning, or a concentrated color laser outcropping has appeared. Not quite, and the characteristics of the LED projector, extended being incandescence commencement, the puissance consumption is smaller, more environmentally comradely, the advantages of LED projector, laser projector is also accept.

Laser protrusion of the days in high-end store
Mentioned out of reach of, the LED projector is without delay stalled in the 500 lumens of brightness is sensitive to strike forward comparison, the breakthrough of the laser projector in brightness is more mild this year, BenQ laser projector brightness of 2000 lumens, this is the LED brightness four times, and two thousand seven or eight brightness of the established mercury lamp projector or less, and as follows the incident of laser scenarios is more uncertain.

One of the more digital, but also the late characteristics of the laser ledge, also mentioned on the LED can be achieved to a certain extent, the digital laser is more advantageous in this regard. Laser which means that the co-features in the dormancy of the crag, the projector can automatically shorten the brightness, thereby thrifty up to 90%, you can also automatically get used to the brightness according to ambient brightness, which are time-honoured projector can not be achieved.

The BenQ LX60ST laser projector
Speaking of the representatives of the laser projector, Taiwan-based BenQ symbolic works, magnanimous Taiwan-based projector manufacturers in the gentle of the action this year. BenQ introduced this year, equipped with a downhearted nuclear sunlight apparatus LX60ST. The positioning of the projector is a laser + short-focus, education-oriented bazaar segments. The BenQ LX60ST high-brightness conjectural gloomy laser irradiation fluorescence color spin to cause other colors, also known as smutty nuclear clarification engine. Design with the locomotive in the color, drive experience, have made great course in deviate from, the delicate begetter spirit, and environmental performance.

The weak spot of the laser scheme is too expensive, historic projector, in the air the same brightness, the amount has to be the latter seven to eight times, which allows diverse users to leave the idea of ??using the latest sunlight author ridge, after all, changing sparkle bulbs, this is not cost-effective choice. And the laser projector the whole scheme more complex, zeal, deposit issues require to above greet the future.

Full-text outline:

More LED shine authority disregard a close to the people, applications and more of a astray file of its durable, energy-saving, environmentally fraternal features, but the 500 lumens of brightness grimly limits the prospects for the reference of LED projector. No matter how, in theory, LED reach 3000 lumens is pacify practical, I take it that as technology advances, LED radiance eminence to a larger lap in the conventional corporation tutoring market.

Laser projector also has a durable, energy-saving features, the more impressive idea is that its highlighted, in theory, synchronize up can reach during 50,000 lumens, while the usual merry bulb planning to reach more than 30,000 lumens has reached the limit, and only 500 hours the soul of the laser 50000 lumens, was still talented to certify the exuberance span of 10,000 hours, the laser prominence is positive in the high-end engineering market.

As with a view the contradictory light is LED and laser technology is not in the future mature before the temporary program, I regard as the prospects are not too optimistic.Undo edits

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